Like other diseases that form in the body, periodontal disease begins silently. Obvious symptoms include persistent bad breath, bleeding gums, soreness in the mouth and gum recession.
Periodontal disease is the number one cause of adult tooth loss in the U. S. Research now shows a correlation between gum disease bacteria and heart disease, diabetes, stroke, preterm low birth weight babies, and memory loss. Findings also reveal this bacteria can be passed from one person to another through sharing food or beverages, and even kissing.
Treatment for periodontal disease is provided through care structured according to each patient’s needs and preferences. After your consultation and initial examination, Dr. Claiborne will thoroughly explain his recommendations for treatment. Your comfort is a high priority during all procedures and Dr. Claiborne will ensure any concerns are fully addressed before treatment begins.
Types of Periodontal Disease include:
Gingivitis is the earliest stage of periodontal (gum) disease and is caused by the toxins in plaque. Gingivitis is typically treated with a professional cleaning and thorough regimen of home care. Some cases may require root planing and deep scaling procedures to rid the gum tissue of debris pockets.
Chronic Periodontal Disease is the most common form of gum disease. It is characterized by inflammation beneath the gum line with damage to gums and bone tissue. Treatment typically includes scaling and root planing along with antimicrobial treatments. In some stages, surgical procedures are also necessary for pocket reduction as well as tissue grafts to strengthen the bone and improve the appearance of the smile.
Aggressive Periodontal Disease is essentially the same as chronic periodontitis but with faster progression. In addition to the same treatment as provided for chronic periodontal disease, aggressive periodontal disease requires surgical intervention. This stage of gum disease is more difficult to combat. A combined treatment of scaling, root planing, antimicrobial, and surgical procedures may save oral tissue and bone.
Periodontal Disease From Systemic Causes can be a symptom of a disease or condition affecting the rest of the body. Heart disease, diabetes and respiratory diseases are the most common. Depending on the underlying condition, this level of gum disease can behave like the aggressive version of periodontal disease, rapidly destroying gum tissue. Even in cases where minimal plaque exists, medical conditions can intensify and accelerate the progression of periodontal disease.