Injectable Contraceptives Could Affect Periodontal Health

Posted on Jul 10, 2012 by William J. Claiborne, DDS MS

A recent study published in the Journal of Periodontology has shown that users of the injectable contraceptive DMPA had increased incidences of gum disease, ranging from Gingivitis to the most severe form, Periodontitis. DMPA is administered every three months. Study participants were non-pregnant women aged 15-44, including current users of DMPA, past users, or those with no usage of DMPA.

The study found that current and past DMPA users had significantly increased periodontal pockets and gingival bleeding than women who have never used DMPA. Current users were more likely to have Gingivitis, while past DMPA users were more likely to have Periodontitis.
Periodontal disease affects gum tissue and the bone that supports teeth. Gingivitis, the mildest form of gum disease, causes red, swollen gums that bleed easily. Research has associated gum disease with other diseases in the body, such as diabetes, heart disease, diabetes and arthritis.

If you are currently taking DMPA or have used it in the past, be aware that you may have higher risk for periodontal disease. In addition to staying committed to your at-home oral regimen, call us at (828) 274-9440 to schedule a periodontal examination. This will determine if you have any level of periodontal disease. If so, we will recommend the treatment necessary to restore your oral health to an optimum state.

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