Menstrual Cycle Affects Periodontal Health

Posted on Aug 21, 2012 by William J. Claiborne, DDS MS

According to findings published in the Journal of Periodontology, many women report increased inflammation and discomfort of the gums associated with their menstrual cycle.
Symptoms include feeling a slight burning sensation in gums, gums that bleed easily with minor irritation, redness of the gums, mouth ulcers and general pain and discomfort in the gums.
In this study, researchers compared the gingival and periodontal status of premenopausal women between ages 20 – 50 at different times in their menstrual cycles. They found that gingival inflammation was lower during menstruation than during ovulation and premenstruation, which may be attributed to hormonal peaks and drops.
While it’s not known if these transitional changes could have lasting negative effects on gum health, women in this age bracket are encouraged to relay symptoms experienced on a cyclical basis, including any prescription or over-the-counter medications being taken.

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